top of page

The transformation in 2021

On the way to the Köppel


“Our forests have adapted to the climate over the centuries.

Climate changes cause compulsive adaptations for our forest trees.

We know from epigenetics that this adaptation process takes a lot of time,

because forests develop over several hundred years.

Forests can no longer keep up with the speed of man-made climate change in their adaptation process.

In addition to the climate stress-related catastrophe of widespread spruce death,

which also led to the baldness of the Montabaurer Höhe,

are very worrying

to describe the damage in the old beech stocks.


Our oldest beech stocks in particular show damage up to and including death processes.

The beech, here at its optimum natural distribution, also lacks water.

In addition to climate stress, other complexities in the forest disease play a role here.

For example, we provide by nitrogen-related acid inputs

and the associated heavy metal release,

an increased death of fine and hair roots,

and connected with it another cause in the lack of water absorption, firmly. "


Friedbert Ritter, Head of the Neuhäusel Forestry Office, Rhineland-Palatinate, Westerwald


Sound: Mercury probe BepiColombo (MAG)
Credit: Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali (IAPS-INAF), ESA

My special thanks go to Carmelo Magnafico


“This is the Mercury space probe BepiColombo during its flyby on April 9, 2020.

The various gongs that can be heard are due to activities on board.

This can be boom movements or changes in height and position.

The other part is the noise created by electronic and

other vibrations of the spaceship arise,

especially through the action of solar photons on the outer surface. "

Carmelo Magnafico, Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali (IAPS-INAF), Rome  

The Mercury probe is not approaching its target directly - it would burn up inside it due to the gravitational pull of the sun. During its seven-year flight, the spaceship performs several swing-by maneuvers,

to gain speed through the gravitational pull of the earth and Venus

and to slow down again at the end of the journey.  

On April 9, 2020, BepiColombo approached Earth from a distance of 256 393 km to 129 488 kilometers.

It was the last time the probe could be seen from Earth.  



Sphere of IO, Voyager Recordings, July 9, 1979
Credit: NASA

bottom of page